Robot navigation on inclined terrain using social force model

Muhammad Fariz Daffa, Bima Sena Bayu Dewantara, Setiawardhana Setiawardhana


This research introduces an innovative approach to address the limitations of the commonly used social force model-based robot navigation method on flat terrain when applied to sloped terrain. The incline of the terrain becomes a crucial factor in calculating the robot’s steering output when navigating from the initial position to the target position while avoiding obstacles. Therefore, we propose a social forced model-based robot navigation system that can adapt to inclined terrain using inertial measurement unit sensor assistance. The system can detect the surface incline in real time and dynamically adjust friction and gravitational forces, ensuring the robot’s speed and heading direction are maintained. Simulation results conducted using CoppeliaSim show a significant improvement in speed adjustment efficiency. With this new navigation system, the robot can reach its destination in 59.935089 seconds, compared to the conventional social forced model which takes 63.506442 seconds, the robot is also able to reduce slip to reduce wasted movement. This method shows the potential of implementing a faster and more efficient navigation system in the context of inclined terrain.


Inclined terrain; Inertial measurement unit; Robot navigation; Simulation; Social force model

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IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation (IJRA)
ISSN 2089-4856, e-ISSN 2722-2586
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).

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